Blog

The Literacy Collaborative blog explores research, methodology, and outcomes related to our whole-school literacy improvement and professional development model. Subcribe to our newsletter to keep up-to-date on the latest information posted here.

Why Inquiry in the act of coaching a Colleague?

I have long seen the power of inquiry in effective teaching.

Through interactive read-aloud, having a pair share around author’s purpose, how a character changed and why, exploring author’s craft to discover what seems the same and what are differences across books by the same author.

Through reading and writing workshop, becoming familiar with characteristics of a genre by reading and discussing many quality examples that then informs writing in that genre.

Through word study, examining the way words work and applying that understanding to other words to strengthen meaning, spelling and grammar.

Through poetry, discussing meaning and noticing how poems are crafted.

Lately I have been thinking about the strong role inquiry plays in coaching as well, and will share some thinking that will strengthen the power of coaching in reflective teaching that leads to more effective practice.

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Supporting Independent Learning

Donald Graves has said, “It is the learners’ perception of who they are and what they can do that has the greatest effect on what they can learn.”  This is at the forefront of my mind as I make decisions in the classroom. Everyone has a movie playing in their mind; a movie that tells us who we are, what we are capable of, and what we will do each day. Teachers help students to ‘write’ scripts that put them in the position of power and control over their learning. One way that we can support students’ “perception of who they are and what they can do” is to build environments that cultivate and nurture independent learning.

A classroom environment where students are engaging in inquiry, setting goals for themselves, and reflecting on the choices they are making empowers students to be in control of their learning.

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Envisioning Systemic Change

Nineteen primary level teams completed the first three days of Lesley University’s Literacy Leadership Team Institute.  During this time, six-member school literacy teams – comprised of the principal, the literacy coach, classroom teachers, interventionists, and other key literacy personnel- had the opportunity to explore issues critical to systemic school improvement.

One of my favorite parts of this training is an activity where teams construct a model of their school based on nine components– values and beliefs, leadership, standards, assessment, classroom, teaching, supplemental teaching, home/school community partnerships, professional development and implementation.  Each group creates a visual representation that illustrates how they would like these nine components to build and depend upon each other in their school.

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Putting the Research Where the Action Is

It is often said that good teachers are good students. Action research, also known as collaborative inquiry, action learning, and emancipatory research, provides a valuable tool for teachers to become students of their own teaching practices.  Action research helps teachers and schools engage in a continual process of quality improvement through inquiry and reflection.

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Creating Change in Systems through Professional Teamwork

Real change in the educational system can only happen when teachers and administrators work together on behalf of all the students.  Too often educators are focused on their individual roles and the power of the team in changing the landscape is lost. The quality of teamwork has the power to improve the expertise of all members of the team and the children will benefit.

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A Fresh Start in a New Year: What Should Teachers Consider?

clip art pencilA new calendar year lies before us! Most schools are approximately half way through their instructional year, which makes this a perfect time to take stock of what we have accomplished to this point, and what is yet to be accomplished this year. We have worked through the fall months, when we normally see students adjust to a new setting and level of expectation, and begin to learn appropriate concepts and skills. Ahead of us are several more months when amazing growth can take place for many students. How can we be sure we approach and use that time in the most productive way possible?

We have heard it said over and over that teachers play a huge part in the learning and development of children. We must make daily decisions about students’ learning, often in split-second time! Fullan and Hargreaves (1996, p. 65) remind us, “There are always things to be done, decisions to be made, children’s  needs to be met, not just every day, but every minute, every second. This is the stuff of teaching. There is no let-up.” We know teaching is not an 8:00-4:00 job!  We come to expect the pressures of time, initiatives, and added responsibilities, and we can find ourselves on overload, seeing only what is directly in front of us. This is when a deep breath is needed—and now is the time to take it. Reflection is required to check on what we are actually doing and why (Fullan & Hargreaves, 1996); this helps us see the broader picture of what we want to accomplish. More »

Interactive Read-Aloud as a Foundational Practice

Clip read aloud  Literacy Collaborative trainers, coaches, and the teachers with whom they work understand how foundational the Interactive Read-Aloud is. We know because we’ve experienced the power in building conversation around a text to construct meaning, and we’re awed by the thinking that our students display day in and day out as we provide opportunities through this all-important context.

I spent some time recently in a 5th grade classroom with students who had never experienced an Interactive Read-Aloud. After modeling the practice and engaging students on six different occasions, I interviewed the teacher to get her impressions. One of the comments she made was, “I think as a typical classroom teacher, we feel the pressure of having to deliver so much, but this is a perfect tie-in to let them learn. I don’t have to give the answer. I don’t have to deliver it all. They do the delivering. They teach each other. They build those ideas and even prompt questions in me. I think that’s something we have to do more of. We don’t make enough time in the day to do that. I think this Interactive Read-Aloud is very valuable.” More »

What does research say about vocabulary learning and instruction?

Most teachers and coaches know that our readers and writers need support in developing their vocabulary, and most of us are wondering what’s the best way to provide that support and does that mean that teachers have to add something else into their instructional day?  If we take a look at the research in the area of vocabulary, it will offer some suggestions and possibly confirm the practices we are already using regularly. Too good to be true?  Not really!

As you might have expected, research does indicate the need for students to be actively involved in vocabulary learning.  It also suggests that one of the important outcomes of vocabulary learning is a positive attitude toward learning new words.  Think about the ways your learners are actively involved in learning vocabulary.  Make a list.  What have you noticed about their attitude toward learning new words and how words work?

Now consider the following.  Research supports three types of vocabulary learning:

  • Immersion in rich oral language and wide reading
  • Word or lexical-specific vocabulary instruction
  • Generative vocabulary instruction More »

The Early Literacy Resource: A Guide To Strengthen The Home-School Connection

After hearing, over the years, “What things should I be doing with my child to get them ready for school?” I decided it was time to address this issue in support of those seeking answers. Following a review of literature and building upon the wisdom of Dr. Richard Allington – who reminds us that “far too many schools do not have strong linkage with early childhood education providers in their area…that far too many wait until the child is age eligible to begin kindergarten before they begin their work” (Allington, 2013 p.23). Thus, my quest to develop a protocol began.

The development of the Early Literacy Resource (ELR) is the result of this journey.  The ELR is comprised of materials and resources that schools, teachers, or libraries can share with parents and families as they partner to strengthen the home-school connection and foster children’s literacy acquisition. Training for parents can be made available during community literacy nights, open houses, or parent/teacher nights.

Sharing The Early Literacy Resource (ELR) 

Increase

Talking time with your child (Oral Language)
Children’s books in the home
Reading good picture books
Trips to the local library (virtual)
Writing with your child
Nightly reading
Reading great books more than once
Opportunities for your child to see you reading
Pointing out how texts work
Story telling about experiences
Noticing print in the environment
Taking field trips
Finding words in books
Analyze illustrations/pictures
Rereading familiar books and their own writing
Playing games connected to print
Interest in words and letters

Decrease

Over booked weeks
Negative comments about books
Television viewing time
Video gaming

(Fig 1)

It is suggested that the initial training provided for parents begin with a review of the increase/decrease chart (Fig 1).  During this review, it is beneficial to afford parents the opportunity to note the many ways they are already supporting their children in (taking on) literacy.  This first step can be accomplished by engaging the parents in a conversation about the literacy tasks on the list and identifying those with which the parents are familiar. More »

The Role of the Coach

What do you think of when you hear the word “coach”?  My thoughts go to my daughter’s soccer coach.  He engages the team in defining a purpose and love for the sport.  During practice he teaches them fundamental skills that will support the girls during a game situation.  More important, he provides the support they need in order to improve their skills.   The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines a coach as:

  • a person who teaches and trains an athlete or performer
  • a person who teaches and trains the members of a sports team and makes decisions about how the team plays during games
  • a private teacher who gives someone lessons in a particular subject

We can glean much from this definition, adapting the role of a coach for sports to a coach for literacy.  A literacy coach provides support for teachers in the classroom and outside of the classroom.    In the classroom, the literacy coach and teacher work together to refine the teacher’s practice.  Outside of the classroom the literacy coach guides teachers in deepening understandings of reading, writing, and word study.

Most importantly, the literacy coach works closely with the building administrator and literacy team to ensure implementation.  Refining teaching practice and increasing student achievement can only be accomplished through a team effort.  Consider the literacy coach to be integral in increasing teacher expertise through one on one, small group, and large group scenarios.

What makes a literacy coach effective?  The following are a small sampling of practices in which effective coaches often engage: More »